Let’s talk about lawns. Those sprawling carpets of green that blanket the vast majority of our urban and suburban lots. By now you are probably aware that all that lawn space is unhealthy, wasted space. Turf grass is a whole lot like a very spoiled child. It requires too much attention and doesn’t contribute to the well-being of the family.
Why is it unhealthy, wasted space? For starters the turf grasses used in North America are not native grasses. Bermuda grass originates from the Middle East and made it’s way here via Bermuda. Zoysia originated in China, Japan, and other parts of Southeast Asia. St. Augustine hails from the Gulf of Mexico region, the West Indies, and Western Africa as it is tropical in its origins. I could go on, but you get my point. This explains clearly why our lawns require so much care and take up so many resources. Simply put…our lawns are made up of non-native grasses. They require a great deal of maintenance, water, fertilizer, pesticides, herbicides, time, and money–causing loads of environmental damage with few benefits. The vast majority of people do not use their lawns at all…particularly the front lawns…or use a very small portion. Lawns are wasted space. And if you have read this post and this post or this post, you can see there is a problem.
So what can you do about all of your lawn without evoking the ire of your homeowners association and neighbors? Reduce, reduce, reduce. You have heard this before, but it is often easier said than done. There are plenty of how-to’s on the removal of grass and the kinds of plants to choose in its place, but there is little instruction as to how to reduce your lawn and make it look good.
Design Tip: Give your Lawn a Shape
When you start reducing the amount of lawn you have, do it with an eye for good design. You’ll be pleased in the end, and all of your other spaces will miraculously fall into place easily and beautifully. This is one of those ideas that is so simple it hurts.
The lawn is typically the single largest feature of most landscapes and gardens. It is also typically the least designed feature. By starting with the lawn and giving it a nice shape it becomes something more than just space. It becomes a feature of the garden. All space outside of the lawn then becomes planting beds for flowering shrubs and perennials that benefit the wildlife and bring beauty to your garden.
The reasoning behind giving the lawn a shape is simple; the lawn is the one feature that is always visible and it’s shape is usually very obvious. The mistake made by most people is giving the planting beds a shape, but once the plants grow the shape of the bed is completely unnoticeable. It is the lawn shape that is noticed…not the bed shape. Start with giving the lawn a shape and all other areas outside of the lawn become your beds.
Basic Lawn Shapes: Circles, Lines, Curves
When deciding on a shape for your lawn, think in terms of circles, lines, and large sweeping curves. Below are three examples of lawn shapes using circles. Circular lawns can be very attractive and work particularly well in small spaces. However, if you have a long space consider linking several circles.
Thinking is terms of lines–usually in the shape of rectangles and squares–sounds quite boring, but it does not have to be. Consider combining and overlapping rectangles. Lines are formal devices and work well in small spaces and in formal gardens. They create a very neat and tidy space. One note of caution when using lines…use the house as your guide when using lines to shape your lawn. Lines should be placed at 45 or 90 degrees to the house.
Circles and lines can be combined for very nice lawn shapes.
Large lawns can benefit by using generous, sweeping curves. The key here is large, full curves. Small, squiggly curves are never attractive. This is why it is challenging to use curves in small spaces. Curves give a soft, natural feel to a garden.
Ignoring the shape of the lawn can bring about disastrous results in the overall design of the landscape and garden. Consider the examples below. The first diagram shows no lawn shape at all. The lawn becomes the container in which all plants, trees, and structures are deposited. There is absolutely no design to this. The middle diagram shows a very common mistake…plant islands. This is the result of creating beds first and not giving any thought to the lawn shape. The finished product is a collection of plant islands floating in a sea of grass. Finally, the third diagram shows what happens when tight curves are used t o form beds that border the lawn. There is nothing attractive or soothing about this.
Let’s finish with a real-life example of a front yard that I designed for a family who lives in a neighborhood with a picky homeowners association. Their front landscape consisted of a bed that runs along the front of the house and grass. Their goal was to reduce the grass and increase the planting bed space to create some curb appeal. Since they rarely use the front yard, they wanted a low maintenance but attractive space.
This is what they currently have:
This is the new design. (Plants are specified on a separate plan.) Notice how the lawn shape is very visible and attractive. The beds are created from the space outside the lawn. What a difference in curb appeal!
Keep this design tip in mind when you are reducing your lawn and creating your garden space. If you would like some help, give me a shout or ask your question in the comment section below.